The Balboa Peninsula in Newport Beach combines old-fashioned charm with luxury living. Peninsula homes are generally on small lots containing houses ranging from tiny cottages to multi-million dollar mansions. This laid-back neighborhood has been made popular by the The Balboa Fun Zone and Pavilion, along with Balboa’s Boardwalk and The Wedge, a traditional surf and bodysurfing hotspot.
In 1905 city development increased when Pacific Electric Railway established a southern terminus in Newport connecting the beach with downtown Los Angeles. In 1906 with a population of 206 citizens, the scattered settlements were incorporated as the City of Newport Beach. Settlements filled in on the Peninsula, West Newport, Newport Island, Balboa Island and Lido Isle. In 1923 Corona del Mar was annexed and in 2002 Newport Coast, East Santa Ana Heights and San Joaquin Hills, were annexed. In 2008, after a long battle with the city of Costa Mesa, Newport Beach annexed West Santa Ana Heights.
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Historical buildings include Balboa Pavilion (established 1906), the Balboa Theater (established 1928), and the Balboa Inn (established 1929).